Comparison between approaches for an Australian republic

Here is a table with an outline of difference between the current constitutional monarchy, a constitutional republic with an elected Australian to replace the Queen/King for a fixed term, and finally for the ARM Australia Choice Model.

TopicCrown of Australia – Monarchy (current)Crown of Australia – Democratic (Proposed)ARM Australia Choice Model (Proposed)
Head of StateMonarch – King / Queen of AustraliaElected Australian – “Australian of the Year”Elected Head of State (title has not been specified)
Republic Head of State replacesNAKing / Queen of AustraliaKing / Queen of Australia and Governor-General combined
Term in OfficeLifetime1 year – starting and ending on the 3rd of September5 years
Method of SelectionRules of Succession for British monarchDirect election in a state or TerritoriesTwo-Party Preferred Election Australia-wide
Method of NominationLine of Succession for British monarchyState and Territories to manage nomination and campaignState and Commonwealth Parliaments nominate
Method of ElectionNAFirst Past the postPreferential Two-Party Preferred
Scope for ElectionNAOne State, or Territories combined for the CommonwealthAll of Australia
Time between Elections for a voterNA7 years5 years
Topics for election campaignNAPhilanthropic activities – mimicking the best of the monarchyWhatever it takes to win (possible dog whistle politics)
Gender of Elected Head of StateNAAlternates between men and women each yearNot relevant – the person with highest two-party preferred vote wins
Basis for appointmentHereditaryHighest vote based on meritHighest vote based on merit and two-party preference deals
Duties while in officeCeremonialCeremonialCeremonial but can exercise codified Reserve Powers
Ideal Example of exemplary Heads of StateQueen Elizabeth IIQueen Elizabeth IIPresidents of the Irish Republic
Has Reserve PowersNot in practiceNONE at allYes – Codified
Representative for CommonwealthGovernor-GeneralGovernor-GeneralElected Head of State
Representative for NSWGovernor of NSWGovernor of NSWUndefined
Representative for QueenslandGovernor of QueenslandGovernor of QueenslandUndefined
Representative for VictoriaGovernor of VictoriaGovernor of VictoriaUndefined
Representative for South AustraliaGovernor of South AustraliaGovernor of South AustraliaUndefined
Representative for TasmaniaGovernor of TasmaniaGovernor of TasmaniaUndefined
Representative for Western AustraliaGovernor of Western AustraliaGovernor of Western AustraliaUndefined
Do Representatives have Reserve Powers?YesYesUndefined
Relationship between Commonwealth and StatesFederal StructureFederal StructureAs specified in Constitution (but Governors may be appointed by Elected Head of State (GG) which will change the structure of Federation)
Change needed for a constitution republicNAReferendum for New Section in Constitution defining Election Process / Agreement between States and Commonwealth on replacing the monarchy with an elected AustralianReferendum for Changes to the constitution – relationship between Commonwealth and States remains undefined
Worst possible OutcomeNAA state tries to secede from the Australian FederationA state tries to secede from the Australian Federation
Contingency to avoid a State secedingNAAgreement at CHOGM for all Commonwealth realms to define “successors” to the Crown of Australia in accord with referendum outcome – precedent being the Perth AgreementNone – if one or more Australian States were to secede by insisting on staying with the monarchy it may lead to a civil war

The main issue is that the ARM has misunderstood and misrepresented and fundament nature of the Crown in Australia today. In designing their model they seem to have been oblivious (or deliberately have chosen to avoid) the fact that the Crown in Australia is divisible and that there are seven representatives of the Crown. The situation for Australia is unique and requires a fresh approach. Luckily the exisiting system as a constitutional monarchy is perfectly structured to handle the situation and provides an excellent example for how to structure a constitutional republic. All that is needed it to replace the monarch with an elected Australian to serve a fixed term in office as our head of state.

The ARM has ignored Australia’s reality.

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